Alcoholism has been classified as a disease since it presents physical manifestations in the form of health problems. It causes more deaths than drug addiction but fewer than tobacco addiction. Below is a list of what alcoholism can do to the body unless arrested.
Cancer: Chronic drinkers are at a higher risk of cancer because of the body’s tendency to turn alcohol into acetaldehyde, a known carcinogen. Areas like the mouth, throat, breast and liver are particularly susceptible to cancer in alcoholics.
Cirrhosis: Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver to leave it unable to perform its functions. It can be deadly as the organ is tasked with producing certain proteins and bile, conversion of excess glucose into glycogen and ammonia into urea.
Heart disease: Alcoholism can also cause heart disease like atrial and ventricular fibrillation (chaotic twitching of the heart’s chambers) and cardiomyopathy where the organ weakens and finally fails to lead to death.
High blood pressure: High blood pressure is another condition that heavy drinking can cause. This can further lead to complications like kidney failure, stroke and heart disease.
Infections and diseases: Since the effects of alcohol reduce rational thinking, chronic drinkers are more likely to engage in risky behavior like unprotected sex. This in turn leaves them more vulnerable to contracting infections and diseases like STDs and HIV/AIDS.
Posted By Tim